HomeNews10 issues to find out about Queen Elizabeth II’s life

10 issues to find out about Queen Elizabeth II’s life

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LONDON — Ten issues to know concerning the lifetime of Queen Elizabeth II:

BRITAIN’S LONGEST-REIGNING MONARCH

Elizabeth, who marked 70 years on the throne this 12 months, is the oldest and longest-reigning monarch in British historical past. In September 2015 she surpassed her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria, who reigned for 63 years and 7 months.

In 2016, Elizabeth additionally grew to become the longest-reigning monarch on this planet with the loss of life of King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand. In 2022, she grew to become the second-longest-reigning monarch in world historical past, behind seventeenth century French King Louis XIV, who took the throne at age 4.

Aside from Elizabeth and Victoria, solely 4 different monarchs in British historical past have reigned for 50 years or extra: George III (59 years), Henry III (56 years), Edward III (50 years) and James VI of Scotland (58 years.)

Like many royals of her time and earlier than, Elizabeth by no means went to a public college and was by no means uncovered to different college students. As an alternative, she was educated at dwelling with Margaret, her youthful sister.

Amongst those that taught her was her father, together with a senior trainer at Eton School, a number of French and Belgian governesses who taught her French, and the Archbishop of Canterbury, who taught her faith.

Elizabeth’s education additionally included studying to trip, swim, dance and the research of tremendous artwork and music.

Throughout World Warfare II, younger Princess Elizabeth briefly grew to become referred to as No. 230873, Second Subaltern Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor of the Auxiliary Transport Service No. 1.

After months of campaigning for her mother and father’ permission to do one thing for the warfare effort, the inheritor to the throne realized the way to drive and repair ambulances and vans. She rose to the rank of honorary Junior Commander inside months.

Elizabeth usually seemed like a severe demeanor, and lots of have famous her “poker face,” however those that knew her described her as having a mischievous humorousness and a expertise for mimicry in personal firm.

Rowan Williams, the previous Archbishop of Canterbury, has mentioned the queen might be “extraordinarily humorous in personal — and never everyone appreciates how humorous she might be.”

Bishop Michael Mann, the monarch’s home chaplain, as soon as mentioned that “the queen imitating the Concorde touchdown is among the funniest issues you could possibly see.” Ian Paisley, the Northern Irish clergyman and politician, additionally famous that Elizabeth was a “nice mimicker” of him.

Extra lately, she confirmed her mischievous aspect through the Platinum Jubilee celebrations, when she starred in a comic book video alongside an animated Paddington Bear and spoke of hiding marmalade sandwiches in her purse.

She could have been the queen, however she paid taxes too — at the least since 1992.

When Windsor Citadel, the queen’s weekend residence, was ravaged by hearth in 1992, the general public rebelled in opposition to paying thousands and thousands of kilos for repairs.

However she voluntarily agreed to pay tax on her private earnings. She mentioned she would meet 70 % of the price of restoration work, and he or she additionally determined to open her dwelling at Buckingham Palace to the general public for the primary time to generate further funds from admission charges.

The queen was christened Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor of York, in honor of her mom, paternal grandmother and paternal great-grandmother. However as a toddler, she was endearingly referred to as younger Lilibet by her household — mentioned to be as a result of she couldn’t pronounce “Elizabeth” correctly.

In a letter to her grandmother Queen Mary, the younger princess wrote: “Pricey Granny. Thanks very a lot for the beautiful little jersey. We liked staying at Sandringham with you. I misplaced a prime entrance tooth yesterday morning,” earlier than signing off, “Love from Lilibet.”

The nickname grew to become extra extensively identified after Prince Harry and Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, named their daughter Lilibet Diana in 2021.

Elizabeth and her husband Prince Philip loved a steady relationship for extra 70 years, a union that far outlasted the marriages of three of her 4 kids: Charles, Anne and Andrew.

“He has been fairly merely my energy and keep all these years,” the queen mentioned of Philip on their fiftieth marriage ceremony anniversary.

Their story started in 1939, when Prince Philip of Greece, a good-looking 18-year-old naval cadet, was detailed to entertain the 13-year-old Elizabeth for a day. A number of years later, Philip was invited to hitch the royal household at Windsor Citadel at Christmas, and he quickly made discreet inquiries whether or not he can be thought-about an eligible suitor.

The couple married in Westminster Abbey in 1947. When Philip died in 2021 at age 99, Elizabeth described his passing as leaving a “big void” in her life, based on their son, Andrew.

Elizabeth was born on April 21, 1926, however it was generally complicated for the general public to know when to have a good time.

There was no universally mounted day for her “official birthday” — it’s both the primary, second or third Saturday in June, and was determined by the federal government.

In Australia, her birthday was celebrated on the second Monday of June, whereas in Canada, was marked on a Monday both on or earlier than Could 24, Queen Victoria’s birthday.

Solely the queen and people closest to her celebrated her precise birthday in personal gatherings.

It’s extensively identified that Elizabeth liked corgis — Princess Diana reportedly known as the canine the queen’s “shifting carpet” as a result of they accompanied her in all places.

She owned greater than 30 corgis through the years. She additionally had two “dorgis” — crossbreeds of dachshund and corgi — named Sweet and Vulcan.

Elizabeth was photographed hugging one of many canine way back to 1936 at age 10, and was given a corgi named Susan for her 18th birthday. The breed was launched to the royal household by her father, King George VI, in 1933, when he purchased a male corgi known as Dookie from a neighborhood kennel.

As queen, she additionally technically owned the hundreds of mute swans in open British waters, and had the precise to assert all sturgeons, porpoises, whales and dolphins, based on a statute from 1324.

The queen inevitably grew to become the topic of pop songs.

The Beatles immortalized her with the tongue-in-cheek “Her Majesty,” calling her “a reasonably good lady” although “she doesn’t have quite a bit to say.” The transient tune, sung by Paul McCartney and recorded in 1969, appeared on the finish of the “Abbey Street” album.

Different musical therapies weren’t so form. The Intercourse Pistols’ anti-monarchist “God Save The Queen,” launched proper earlier than her Silver Jubilee in 1977, was banned on British tv.

Observe all AP tales on Britain’s royals at https://apnews.com/hub/queen-elizabeth-ii.

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