On February 24, Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine from Belarus to the north, the Russian-annexed Crimea Peninsula to the south, and its personal territory to the east.
The warfare has since killed 1000’s, displaced hundreds of thousands and destroyed total cities.
These are the principle occasions of the warfare during the last six months.
Part 1 – Russia units out to overcome Ukraine and change its authorities. The West reacts by imposing complete monetary and commerce sanctions on Russia.
February 24: Russian President Vladimir Putin broadcasts his resolution to launch a “particular army operation” in Ukraine in a pre-dawn speech and the land, sea, and air invasion begins.
Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelenskyy offers a quick and defiant nationwide handle to declare martial regulation and basic mobilisation.
US President Joe Biden extends full blocking sanctions to 4 Russian banks and bans exports of delicate US applied sciences, particularly within the aviation, maritime and defence sectors.
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February 26-27: Zelenskyy refuses a US supply to evacuate, saying: “The combat is right here; I would like ammunition, not a journey”.
Russia’s assault on Kyiv, the jap metropolis of Kharkiv and Chernihiv within the north stalls as Ukrainian defenders goal provide autos with Javelin missiles.
The European Union bans chosen Russian banks from SWIFT and freezes Russian central financial institution deposits. It additionally bans Russian plane from EU airspace.
Oil majors Shell, BP and Norway’s sovereign wealth fund pull out of Russian joint ventures.
February 28: Ukraine applies to affix the EU.
March 1: A 65km (40.4-mile) Russian army convoy strikes in direction of the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv.
The US closes its skies to Russian air visitors.
March 2: Russian forces enter the southern metropolis of Kherson. One million Ukrainian refugees have now fled the nation.
March 4: Russian forces shell Europe’s greatest nuclear plant of Zaporizhzhia, elevating fears of a Chernobyl-style catastrophe.
March 8: The European Fee unveils REPowerEU, a plan to scale back dependence on Russian pure gasoline by two-thirds by the tip of the yr. The US imposes a ban on Russian crude oil imports. Ukrainian refugee numbers attain two million.
US Congress approves $13.6bn in spending for Ukraine, divided equally between assist for refugees and army assist for the entrance.
March 11: Russian armour enters the northwestern outskirts of Kyiv, however already faces manpower shortages. Putin approves the deployment of as much as 16,000 irregular fighters from Syria.
The EU points the Versailles Declaration in response to the Ukraine warfare, calling for member states to strengthen defence spending.
March 13: Russia broadens its targets westward, firing 30 cruise missiles at a army coaching base in Yavoriv, 25km (15.5 miles) from the Polish border, killing 35 folks.
March 14: Prime Putin aide Viktor Zolotov, who heads the nationwide guard, turns into the primary high-ranking Russian to confess the warfare in Ukraine isn’t going as deliberate.
March 16: Russia bombs a theatre within the southern port metropolis of Mariupol, killing a minimum of 300 civilians sheltering there.
March 23: NATO estimates that Russia has misplaced 7,000-15,000 troops in a single month of warfare and that the variety of Russian useless, wounded, captured and lacking is 40,000.
Part 2 – Russia refocuses on the east, as Ukraine launches counteroffensives within the north and south, taking again greater than 1,000 settlements. The US and UK ship superior missile techniques to Ukraine.
March 25: Russia says it can concentrate on consolidating its management over the jap Ukrainian provinces of Luhansk and Donetsk, in an obvious redefinition of its warfare goals.
Greater than 3.7 million Ukrainians have develop into refugees.
March 27: Zelenskyy tells Russian journalists on a video name that he’s prepared to contemplate geopolitical neutrality for Ukraine, and to compromise on the standing of the jap Donbas area, which fashioned a part of the pretext for Russia’s invasion.
March 29: Russian and Ukrainian negotiators meet in Istanbul – their first in-person assembly in additional than three weeks. Ukraine places ahead an in depth proposal of neutrality.
April 1: An Al Jazeera report reveals that Russia is utilizing proxy teams in Syria to recruit fighters for Ukraine.
April 2: As Russian troops withdraw from Bucha, a city northwest of Kyiv, dozens of apparently civilian corpses are discovered on the streets.
April 4: US president Joe Biden requires Putin to be tried in a warfare crimes tribunal for the alleged Russian killings of civilians in Bucha.
April 5: Internally displaced Ukrainians now quantity 7.1 million. Al Jazeera uncovers testimony from Bucha residents saying they had been tortured and their lives threatened by Russian troopers.
April 6: The Biden administration prohibits US funding in Russia and calls on the G20 to expel it from the group.
April 7: Russia fires cluster munitions into the Kramatorsk railway station filled with 1000’s of evacuees, killing a minimum of 52.
The UN Normal Meeting votes to droop Russia from the organisation’s Human Rights Council.
April 8: Forensic consultants begin exhuming our bodies in mass graves in Bucha.
The EU bans imports of Russian coal, depriving Russia of 8 billion euros ($7.97bn) a yr. As a part of a fifth spherical of sanctions, the EU additionally bans imports of Russian lumber, cement, seafood and fertilisers. The EU additionally bans the export to Russia of jet gasoline and delicate applied sciences and software program.
European Fee President Ursula Von Der Leyen fingers Zelenskyy a questionnaire, kicking off the start of Ukraine’s EU membership software course of.
April 14: Ukraine sinks the Russian Black Sea fleet flagship Moskva, after hitting it with two Neptune missiles.
April 16: Russia’s defence ministry says it controls the port of Mariupol, though combating continues.
April 18: Russian forces launch a brand new, large-scale offensive in east Ukraine to take full management of the Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts.
April 21: Putin declares victory within the battle for Mariupol, regardless that some 2,500 Ukrainian marines stay barricaded within the Azovstal metal plant.
April 28: US Congress revives lend-lease amenities to hurry up weapons shipments to Ukraine. President Biden asks Congress to approve a $33bn spending package deal for Ukraine.
Might 4: Ukrainian and Russian experiences say a Ukrainian counteroffensive north and east of Kharkiv has pushed Russian troops 40km (24.9 miles) again from the town, within the first important Ukrainian success since successful the battle for Kyiv.
The European Fee unveils a sixth spherical of sanctions, together with a whole import ban on all Russian oil, seaborne and pipeline, crude and refined, efficient by the tip of the yr.
Might 5: Ukrainian Commander-in-Chief Valerii Zaluzhnyi says Ukrainian forces are transitioning to counteroffensive operations across the jap cities of Kharkiv and Izyum, the primary direct Ukrainian army assertion of a shift to offensive operations.
Might 11: Ukraine for the primary deadlines Russian gasoline transiting its territory to Europe, reducing by 1 / 4 the circulation of gasoline by considered one of two main pipelines.
Might 12: Finland broadcasts it can search NATO membership.
The UNHCR says the variety of Ukrainian refugees has handed the six-million mark.
Might 15: Sweden broadcasts it can apply for NATO membership, ending two centuries of neutrality.
Might 16: Ukraine’s defence ministry says its troops have superior to the Russian border 40km (24.9 miles) north of Kharkiv, and Russian defensive efforts are specializing in stopping an incursion in direction of Belgorod in Russia.
Might 17: Ukraine’s army declares an finish to the Azovstal resistance in Mariupol.
Might 18: The European Fee broadcasts a 220 billion euro ($219bn) plan to ditch all Russian fossil fuels over 5 years.
Might 19: US Congress approves a $40bn assist package deal for Ukraine, considerably greater than the $33bn Biden initially requested for, about half of which is meant for army assist and provides.
Might 21: The battle for the town of Severdonetsk within the jap Luhansk province begins.
Russia’s defence ministry broadcasts it has full management of Mariupol, following the evacuation of 1,908 defenders of the Azovstal plant there, a month after Putin declared victory over the town.
Might 25: Eduard Basurin, deputy head of the militia of the Russia-backed, self-declared Donetsk Individuals’s Republic, says Russia was briefly forswearing the technique of surrounding all Ukraine’s forces within the east with a grand pincer motion, as an alternative specializing in piecemeal isolations. Russian forces additionally begin constructing secondary strains of defence in Kherson and Zaporizhia, anticipating Ukrainian counterattacks.
Might 27: Russian forces advance on Severdonetsk from three totally different instructions and start direct assaults on built-up partsof the town within the north, taking management of the Mir resort.
Might 28: Ukraine launches a counteroffensive in Kherson, reportedly bringing Russian forces to a “disadvantageous” defensive place and inflicting heavy losses.
Might 30: After some hesitation, Biden decides to ship “extra superior rocket techniques” to Ukraine to allow better precision artillery raids. The US will ship GMLRS and Excessive Mobility Artillery Rocket Programs (HIMARS) with 80km (49.7-mile) vary rockets.
Might 31: Russian forces occupy the centre of Severdonetsk as Ukrainian troops make a tactical retreat, however combating continues.
Within the south, Ukrainian forces press a counteroffensive in direction of Kherson, pushing Russian forces east of the Inhulets river.
The EU bans Russian oil and petroleum merchandise, following a choice on the sixth package deal of sanctions towards Russia.
June 2: Kherson oblast army administration head Hennadiy Lahuta experiences that the Ukrainian counteroffensive has liberated 20 villages.
June 6: The UK broadcasts it can ship M270 a number of launch rocket techniques with 80km (49.7 mile) vary to Ukraine.
June 9: Putin likens his conquest of Ukraine to Peter the Nice’s conquest of what’s as we speak northwestern Russia in a warfare fought towards Sweden in 1700-1721.
June 13: NATO Secretary-Normal Jens Stoltenberg seems to recommend that Ukraine should settle for a lack of sovereignty or territory in return for peace, throughout a press convention in Finland.
June 15: Russia cuts gasoline deliveries to Europe by the Nord Stream 1 pipeline to 40 % of capability.
June 22: Ukraine says it has taken 1,026 settlements again from Russian management.
June 24: Although there’s nonetheless rearguard combating, Luhansk governor Serhiy Haidai says Severodonetsk shall be deserted.
The EU formally invitations Ukraine and Moldova to develop into candidate nations for EU membership.
June 27: Russian missiles goal a shopping center in Kremenchuk, central Ukraine, killing a minimum of 18 folks.
Russia defaults on its sovereign debt for the primary time because the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, as a 30-day grace interval on $100m of curiosity funds expires.
NATO Secretary-Normal Jens Stoltenberg says the alliance is to extend its Readiness Drive (NRF) from 40,000 to 300,000.
June 29: NATO formally invitations Finland and Sweden to develop into members of the alliance, after Turkey lifts its veto.
June 30: After being pounded by Ukrainian missiles, Russian forces withdraw from Snake Island within the Black Sea.
July 3: Russia claims to have taken Lysychansk, giving it nominal management of Luhansk oblast, although partisan combating continues.
Part 3 – Russia re-expands its objectives to incorporate Kherson and Zaporizhia. Ukraine makes use of missiles to devastate Russian ammunition, bases and command posts deep behind the entrance strains.
July 4: Some 40 nations take part in an Worldwide Convention on the Restoration of Ukraine in Lugano, Switzerland. Ukrainian prime minister Denys Shmyhal says $750bn shall be wanted.
July 17: Zelenskyy says Russia has now fired 3,000 cruise missiles towards his nation.
July 20: In an interview with Russian newspaper Ria Novosti, Russian international minister Sergey Lavrov stated Russia had departed from its official aim of occupying the 2 jap areas of Luhansk and Donetsk, saying Zaporizhia and Kherson within the south are additionally necessary to take.
July 21: Within the southern Kherson area, Ukraine says it has destroyed a Russian ammunition warehouse.
July 22: Russia and Ukraine signal a UN-brokered settlement permitting the export of Ukrainian grain by the Black Sea.
July 26: Russian state firm Gazprom says it can halve gasoline provide by the Nord Stream 1 pipeline to twenty % of capability. EU power ministers comply with voluntarily scale back the usage of pure gasoline by 15 % between August this yr and March 2023.
July 27: Ukrainian forces injury the Antonivka automobile and rail bridges utilizing HIMARS rocket artillery, rendering them unusable for heavy army transport. This helps lower off ahead Russian positions in Kherson.
July 29: No less than 50 Ukrainian PoWs are killed when their detention facility is blown up in Olenivka, Donetsk. Russia says Ukraine focused its personal males. Ukraine says Russia blew up its personal penal colony “to cowl up warfare crimes”.
July 31: A presumed Ukrainian drone flies into Russia’s Black Sea fleet headquarters in Sevastopol on Russia’s Navy Day, wounding 5 folks.
August 1: The primary ship loaded with Ukrainian grain leaves port following a July 22 settlement to carry a Russian blockade.
August 6: Ukraine’s southern command says its forces destroyed 39 Russian rocket launchers and an ammunition warehouse.
August 7: Ukraine’s southern command experiences the destruction of 24 Russian a number of rocket launchers, a T-62 tank, 5 armoured autos and an ammunition warehouse in assaults towards Berislavsky and one different location in Kherson oblast.
August 9: An estimated 9 Russian warplanes had been destroyed on the bottom on the airbase of Saky in Crimea, 225km (136.7 miles) behind the entrance line, in what would look like the primary important Ukrainian assault on a Russian base on the peninsula.
Ukraine additionally destroys Russian ammunition warehouses in Novooleksiivka in Crimea, 150km (93.2 miles) south of the entrance line, and a command put up at Maksyma Horkoho on the southwestern Kherson coast.
August 16: A sequence of explosions shake the village of Mayskoye in Crimea, as a suspected Russian ammunition depot goes up in flames, forcing the evacuation of three,000 folks. Russia calls it “a results of sabotage” with out assigning blame.
August 18: UN chief Antonio Guterres warns injury to the Zaporizhzhia nuclear energy station could be “suicide”, as Ukraine and Russia accuse one another of shelling near the plant.
August 20: Darya Dugina, daughter of a distinguished Russian ultranationalist Alexander Dugin, is killed in a automotive bomb blast close to Moscow, in what could have been an assassination try on her father. Ukraine denied Russia’s accusations that it was behind the assault.
August 24: Ukraine marks its day of independence from Soviet rule and the six-month anniversary of Russia’s full-scale invasion. Public celebrations are cancelled amid fears that Russia may escalate assaults to coincide with the day, however Zelenskyy offers a defiant speech, saying Ukraine had been “reborn” when Russia invaded: “We don’t care what military you’ve gotten, we solely care about our land. We are going to combat for it till the tip.”