Britain’s longest-serving monarch Queen Elizabeth II, who died on Thursday, visited India 3 times in 1961, 1983, and 1997. However her first go to, which was 15 years after India’s Independence, was a major one on condition that she was the primary reigning monarch to go to the previous colony. The Queen visited in 1961 along with her husband, the late Duke of Edinburgh Phillip, and presided over the Republic Day Parade as Visitor of Honour on the invitation of India’s first President Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
The Royal couple additionally toured Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta, and in addition visited the Taj Mahal in Agra, and paid tribute to Mahatma Gandhi at Raj Ghat in New Delhi.
In the course of the Delhi leg of her 1961 tour, she additionally visited Rajghat and provided a ceremonial wreath at Mahatma Gandhi’s memorial. The Queen and her husband took off their footwear and wore velvet slippers earlier than coming into the memorial. She additionally addressed an enormous crowd at Ramlila Grounds in Delhi, the place 1000’s got here to take heed to her deal with. “The heat and hospitality of the Indian individuals and the richness and variety of India itself have been an inspiration to all of us,” she mentioned in one in all her addresses.
1983: Commonwealth Assembly
The Queen once more visited India in 1983 through the Commonwealth Heads of Authorities Assembly (CHOGM). India, the Commonwealth’s largest member state, hosted the seventh CHOGM Summit underneath then PM Indira Gandhi’s management.
She was on a nine-day State Go to to India together with Prince Philip. Throughout that go to, the Queen famously introduced Mom Teresa with the Insignia of the Honorary Order of Benefit on November 24, 1983.
1997: Tribute at Jallianwala Bagh
She once more visited India to mark the Fiftieth-anniversary celebrations of India’s Independence, and famously spoke about “troublesome episodes” of colonial historical past for the very first time.
On 13 October 1997, the Queen referenced the Jallianwala Bagh bloodbath in a state banquet deal with. “It’s no secret that there have been some troublesome episodes in our previous — Jallianwala Bagh, which I shall go to tomorrow, is a distressing instance,” she mentioned.
On the following day, 14 October, the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh went to Amritsar to pay obeisance at Jallianwala Bagh, the place she bowed and positioned a wreath on the memorial.
Throughout her reign, the monarch hosted three Indian presidents – Dr. Radhakrishnan in 1963, R. Venkataraman in 1990, and Pratibha Patil in 2009, and brazenly spoke about India and Britain’s partnership within the new century. “Britain and India have a long-shared historical past which as we speak is a supply of nice energy in constructing a brand new partnership match for this new century,” the Queen mentioned in her State Banquet deal with for President Patil at Buckingham Palace.